Specific learning difficulties are persistent difficulties in the acquisition of literacy (dyslexia) and numeracy skills (dyscalculia), despite adequate instruction and intact sensory abilities. Such difficulties are the expression of neurologically-based processing problems. As a result, children not only display lower academic achievement, but they also tend to experience lack of self-confidence and behavior problems at school.

Dyslexia: Specific learning disorder characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition, often accompanied by poor spelling abilities (also known as disorthography).
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Dyscalculia: Specific learning disorder characterized by impairments in learning basic arithmetic facts and performing accurate and fluent calculations. 
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Specialized support through multi-sensory programs:

Multi-sensory programs have proved to be the most effective to improve literacy and numeracy skills. They consist of engaging and well-structured activities that stimulate the development of cognitive skills through different senses.